P.T. Practice Questions 23rd Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about PM-WANI scheme:

  1. In this scheme access to broadband services will be through a network of public Wi-Fi access points.
  2. No licence, no registration, and no fee would be applicable for the Public Data Offices.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

While delivery of broadband is possible through different media and technologies, under the WANI framework, it is envisaged that last mile broadband connectivity, where the consumer accesses broadband services, will be through a network of public Wi-Fi access points. The backhaul requirement for these Wi-Fi access points will be met by procuring internet bandwidth from the telecom service providers/internet service providers. 

As part of this scheme, the government aims to provide internet connectivity through Public Data Offices (PDOs). The scheme aims to not only boost the “ease of doing” business but also will do the “ease of living.

“The scheme would enable our small shopkeepers to provide Wi-Fi service. This will boost incomes as well as ensure our youth gets seamless internet connectivity. It will also strengthen our Digital India mission,”

Q. 2 Consider the following statements about ‘Buldhana Pattern’:

  1. It aims to replicate the model of ‘sustainable farming’ in the country.
  2. This pattern does not require land acquisition and environment or forest clearance.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: b ( Only 2 )

Explanation

Maharashtra’s ‘Buldhana Pattern’ of water conservation’ has won national recognition and the NITI Aayog is in the process of formulating National Policy on water conservation based on it.

What is the ‘Buldhana Pattern’ of water conservation?

  • The synchronisation of national highway construction and water conservation was achieved for the first time in Buldhana district, by using soil from the water bodies, nallas and rivers. 
  • This consequently leads to the increase in capacity of water storage across the water-bodies in Buldana district and it came to be known as ‘Buldhana Pattern‘

Through Agro-Vision – an agriculture convention held in Nagpur every year, Gadkari has appealed to adopt the cost efficient ‘Buldhana pattern’ of road-construction nation-wide, especially in the regions which are facing the problem of water scarcity.

Sh. Nitin Gadkari also informed about ‘Tamswada Pattern’ of water conservation project taken up in Nagpur and Wardha district  in which rain water harvesting, conservation and groundwater recharge works were done in order to increase the water storage capacity of natural water bodies  situated in these two districts of Eastern Vidarbha.  He informed that,  ‘Tamswada  pattern’ was being implemented in 60 villages Nagpur and Wardha district while the work was already completed in 40 villages.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about the Gandhi peace prize:

  1. Gandhi Peace Prize Awards are given for Social, Economic and Political transformation through Non-violence were instituted in 1995.
  2. This annual award will be given to any one individual, association, institution or organization who has worked selflessly for peace and non-violence.
  3. clearance.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: a ( Only 1 )

Explanation

Gandhi Peace Prize Awards for Social, Economic and Political transformation through Non-violence were instituted in 1995. The Award comprises an amount of Rs. One Crore and a Citation. The Award may be divided between two persons / institutions who are considered by the Jury to be equally deserving of recognition in a given year. Work by a person since deceased cannot be the subject of an Award. If, however, his death occurred subsequent to a proposal having been submitted to the Jury in the manner stipulated in the Code of Procedure, then a Posthumous Award may be made.

This annual award will be given to individuals, associations, institutions or organizations who have worked selflessly for peace, non-violence and amelioration of human sufferings particular to the less-privileged section of society contributing towards social justice and harmony. The Award is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, language, caste, creed or gender. Normally, contributions made during ten years immediately preceding the nomination are considered.

Q. 4 Consider the following statement about the ‘volcano catastrophic bonds’:

  1. The Danish Red Cross has launched a catastrophe bond for volcano-related disasters with the support of several financial firms.
  2. Catastrophe bonds offer investors high yields, but do not pay out if a named catastrophe occurs.
  3. They typically cover areas prone to hurricanes and typhoons.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

The Danish Red Cross has launched a catastrophe bond for volcano-related disasters with the support of several financial firms, the groups said on Monday, adding it was the first of its kind.

The $3 million bond will enable the disaster relief agency to get aid quickly to those suffering following the eruption of 10 named volcanoes, in Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Indonesia and Mexico.

Catastrophe bonds offer investors high yields, but do not pay out if a named catastrophe occurs. They typically cover areas prone to hurricanes and typhoons.