PIB – 05th Feb 2021

The Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF), with a corpus of Rs. 5,000 crores has been created under NABARD

  • The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of  ‘Per Drop More Crop’ component of ‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY-PDMC)’ from  2015-16 in all the States of the country which  focuses on enhancing water use efficiency at farm level through Micro Irrigation viz. Drip and Sprinkler irrigation systems. 
  • Besides promoting Micro Irrigation, this component also supports micro level water storage or water conservation/management activities to supplement source creation for Micro Irrigation.   
  • Recent evaluation studies of the scheme indicate that the coverage of Micro Irrigation is relevant in achieving national priorities such as substantially improving on-farm water use efficiency, enhancing crop productivity, ensuring better returns to farmers, generating employment opportunities etc.  
  • Further, the scheme has been effective in terms of ensuring benefits for farmers e.g. higher productivity; reduction in labour cost, water consumption, power utilization, fertilizer use etc.
  • Efforts are being made to converge ‘Per Drop More Crop’ Scheme with Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY), Namami Gange Districts, Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM), Water Harvesting Structures through Watershed Development component of PMKSY to propagate micro irrigation intensively to contribute in achieving the desired targets to enhance the water use efficiency in agriculture.
  • With a view to provide impetus to the Micro Irrigation in the country, MIF with a corpus of Rs. 5000 Crore was created with NABARD during 2018-19
  • The major objective of the fund is to facilitate the States in mobilizing the resources to provide top up/additional incentives to farmers for incentivising micro irrigation beyond the provisions available under PMKSY-PDMC. 
  • States may also access MIF exclusively for innovative integrated projects (like high water duty crops like sugarcane/solar linked systems/Micro irrigation in command area etc.) including projects in PPP mode depending on State specific requirements. The GoI provides 3% interest subvention on loans extended to the State Govt. under MIF.
  • To further strengthen & expand the adoption of Micro Irrigation systems by the farmers in the county for enhancing water use efficiency at farm level, a Budget announcement has been made to double the initial corpus of Micro Irrigation Fund of Rs. 5000 created under NABARD, by augmenting it by another Rs. 5,000 crores.
  • The enhancement of corpus by additional Rs. 5000 crores will give further boost to the efforts of more States/UTs in promoting judicious use of water, enhancing water use efficiency as well as improving production and productivity which ultimately increase the income of the farming community.

‘KAPILA’ for patent awareness

  • The Government has launched a campaign namely Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness Campaign (KAPILA) for Intellectual Property Literacy and creating patent awareness on 15th October, 2020. 
  • The objectives of the scheme include
  1. Creating awareness regarding Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Higher Education Institutions(HEIs), 
  2. Enabling of IP protection of inventions originating from faculty and students of HEIs, 
  3. Development of Credit Course on IPR, training program on IPR for faculty and students of HEIs and 
  4. Sensitization and development of vibrant IP filing system.  

Phase II and III of Drip

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved on October 29, 2020 the Phase II and Phase III of Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) to improve safety and operational performance of selected dams across the country. 
  • The Scheme envisages comprehensive rehabilitation of 736 dams located in 19 States (Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal ). 
  • The Project will receive loans, both from World Bank (WB) and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), for disbursal among States and three central agencies (Central Water Commission, Damodar Valley Corporation & Bhakra Beas Management Board) based on the projected cost of rehabilitation.
  • It is a State Sector Scheme with Central component. 
  • The duration of the scheme is of 10 years, to be implemented in two Phases i.e. Phase-II and Phase-III, each of six years duration with an overlap of two years. 
  • The total cost of the Project is Rs.10,211 Cr. Out of this cost, Rs.7000 Cr. is an external loan and Rs.3211 Cr. would be borne by the respective participating States and Central agencies.
  • The scheme has provision for preparation of Operation and Maintenance Manual (O&M) and Emergency Action Plan (EAP) for all selected dams under DRIP Phases II & III. O&M Manual will cover the improvement/modernization aspect of operational performance of the dam. EAP shall cover dam break analysis, inundation maps and identification of key personnel and response arrangements etc. to enhance resilience against the possible negative impacts.

Initiatives for Women and Children

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development in order  to promote and enable women to access education, health and financial services, has  taken initiatives  which includes various legislations such as the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, the Code on Wages, 2019, the Code on Social Security, 2020 etc. 
  • The Central Government also implements various schemes/ programmes such as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), National Health Mission (NHM), Swachh Bharat Mission, Scheme for Adolescent Girls, Samagra Shiksha, Udaan, Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA), Adolescence Education Programme, Digital Gender Atlas, Stand Up India (SUPI), Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY), Skill India Mission etc.
  • The Scheme of ICDS operates through a network of 7075 fully operational Projects and 13.86 lakhs AWCs. The services are currently provided to 8.94 crore beneficiaries. 
  • Further, the Ministry implements the scheme of Working Women Hostel to provide safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women, with day care facilities for their children, wherever possible, in urban, semi urban, and rural areas. 
  • The Ministry also implements the National Creche Scheme to provide day care facilities for children (age group of 6 months-6 years) of working mothers.