08th Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about Dadabhai Naoroji:

1. He became the first Asian to get elected to the House of Commons of the British Parliament.

2. He founded East India Association and Bombay Presidency Association.

3. He referred to Gandhiji as ‘Father of the nation’.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a. 1 only

b. 1 and 2 Only

c. 2 and 3 Only

d. All of the above

Ans: b (1 and 2 Only)

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as in 1892, Dadabhai became the first Asian to get elected to the House of Commons of the British Parliament. He was thrice President of INC.

Statement 2 is correct as In 1866, Dadabhai Naoroji founded in London the East Indian Association for propagating the cause of India. Amongst the British and Indian nationals who joined the association was Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee who later became the first President of the INC. On his return to India Dadabhai Naoroji formed another association, the Bombay Presidency Association which with the Indian National Conference started by Surendranath Banerjee in Calcutta in 1883 became the precursor of the Indian National Congress.

Statement 3 is incorrect as after his death, Dadabhai Naoroji was referred to as the “Father of the Nation” by Gandhiji and as “Father of the Indian National Congress” by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

Q. 2 Mahadev Govind Ranade was associated with which of the following organisation:

1. Prarthna Samaj

2. Widow remarriage association

3. Deccan education society

4. Poona sarvajanik sabha

Option:

a. 1, 2 and 3 Only

b. 2 and 4 Only

c. 1,2 and 4 Only

d. All of the above

Ans: d ( All of the above)

Explanation

Mahavdev Govind Ranade (1842-1901) devoted his entire life to Prarthana Samaj. He was the founder of the Widow Remarriage Association (1861) and the Deccan Education Society. He established the Poona Sarvajanik Sabha as well. To Ranade, religious reform was inseparable from social reform. He also believed that if religious ideas were rigid there would be no success in social, economic and political spheres. MG Ranade was the leader of social reformation and cultural renaissance in Western India.

Ranade’s great message to the persons who were involved in social service was “Strength of numbers we cannot command, but we can command earnestness of conviction, singleness of devotion, readiness for self-sacrifice, in all honest workers in the cause.”

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about Dayanand Saraswati:

1. He started Arya samaj.

2. He believed in infallibility of Vedas.

3. He was opposed to idolatry, ritual and priesthood.

4. He was against performing Yajana.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a. 1, 2 and 3 Only

b. 1, 3 and 4 Only

c. 1, 2 and 4 Only

d. All of the above

Ans: a ( 1, 2 and 3)

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as Dayanand Saraswati founded Arya samaj in 1875. 

Statement 2 is correct as the most influential movement of religious and social reform in northern India was started by Dayanand Saraswati. He held that the Vedas contained all the knowledge imparted to man by God and essentials of modern science could also be traced in them.

Statement 3 is correct as he was opposed to idolatry, ritual and priesthood, particularly to the prevalent caste practices and popular Hinduism as preached by the Brahmins. He favoured the study of western science.

Statement 4 is incorrect as he favoured performing yajanas and reading religious scriptures.

Q. 4  Consider the following statements about Faqir and sanyasi rebellions:

1. It was participation of peasants and disbanded soldiers.

2. The immediate cause of the rebellion was the restrictions imposed by the British upon pilgrims visiting holy places.

3. Zamindars were against this revolt.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a. 1 only

b. 1 and 2 Only

c. 2 and 3 Only

d. All of the above

Ans: b (1 and 2 Only)

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as the establishment of British control over Bengal after 1757 led to increase in land revenue and the exploitation of the peasants. The Bengal famine of 1770 led peasants whose lands were confiscated, displaced zamindars, disbanded soldiers and poor to come together in a rebellion. They were joined by the Sanyasis and Fakirs.

Statement 2 is correct as the Sanyasi Uprisings took place in Bengal between the periods of 1770-1820s. The Sanyasis rose in rebellion after the great famine of 1770 in Bengal which caused acute chaos and misery. However, the immediate cause of the rebellion was the restrictions imposed by the British upon pilgrims visiting holy places among both Hindus and Muslims.

Statement 3 is incorrect as it showed participation of peasants, zamindars, disbanded soldiers and poor.