P.T. Practice Questions 06th April 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about Chenab Arch Bridge:

  1. Steel was specifically chosen for the construction of the bridge as it will be able to resist temperatures of minus 20 degree Celsius and wind speeds of above 200 kilometre per hour.
  2. The bridge will be able to withstand earthquakes with a magnitude of up to eight and high-intensity blasts.

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

Both statements are correct. The construction of the iconic Chenab Arch Bridge, which will soar 359 metres above the bed of the river and 30 metres higher than the Eiffel Tower in Paris, will reach another milestone. The bridge will provide the much-needed all-weather connectivity between Kashmir and the rest of the county. The bridge is part of an ambitious 272-km rail link project and is being constructed by the Northern Railway at an estimated cost of ₹28,000 crore. The bridge will have a design speed of around 100 kilometres per hour with a lifespan of 120 years.

Q. 2 Consider the following statements about Spices board:

  1. It is an autonomous body responsible for the export promotion of the 52 scheduled spices and development of Cardamom (Small & Large).
  2. Spices Board is one of the five Commodity Boards functioning under the Ministry of Commerce &Industry.
  3. Development of spices in the North East is one of the main functions of Spices board.

Choose the correct option

  1. 1 and 2 Only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All of the above

Ans: d ( All of the above)

Explanation

Spices Board is one of the five Commodity Boards functioning under the Ministry of Commerce &Industry. It is an autonomous body responsible for the export promotion of the 52 scheduled spices and development of Cardamom (Small & Large). The main functions of the Spices Board are the following: (i) Research, Development and Regulation of domestic marketing of Small & Large Cardamom; (ii) Post-harvest improvement of all spices; (iii) Export promotion of all spices and assisting exporters in technology upgradation, quality management, brand promotion, research & product development; (iv) Development of spices in the North East; (v) Regulation of quality of spices for exports through its quality evaluation services; etc.

Spices Board India under Ministry of Commerce and Industry andUNDP India’s Accelerator Lab today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), with the aim to build a blockchain based traceability interface for Indian spices to enhance transparency in supply chain and trade. 

Blockchain is a decentralized process of recording transactions on an open and shared electronic ledger. This allows for ease and transparency in data management across a complex network, including, farmers, brokers, distributors, processors, retailers, regulators, and consumers, thus simplifying the supply chain. It will allow farmers just as all other members of the supply chain to access the information which further makes the entire supply chain more efficient and equitable.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about Military Exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021.

  1. It is a multinational exercise being conducted in Bangladesh.
  2. The aim of the exercise is to strengthen the procedures and enhance interoperability amongst neighbourhood countries to ensure robust peacekeeping operations in the region.

Choose the correct option:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

Multinational Military Exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021 (Front Runner of Peace) commenced on 04 April 2021 at Bangabandhu Senanibas, Bangladesh to commemorate the birth centenary of Bangladesh’s ‘Father of the Nation’ Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and mark glorious 50 years of liberation. Indian Army contingent of 30 personnel are participating along with the Royal Bhutan Army, Sri Lankan Army and Bangladesh Army from 04 Apr to 12 Apr 2021.  Military observers from the USA, UK, Turkey, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Singapore will also be in attendance throughout the exercise.

The aim of the exercise is to strengthen the procedures and enhance interoperability amongst neighbourhood countries to ensure robust peacekeeping operations in the region. The armies of all the participating nations will share their valuable experiences and refine their drills & procedures in Peacekeeping operations.

Q. 4 Consider the following statements about refugees’ influx in India.

1. In 1992 and afterwards thousands of Afghans took refuge in India as Taliban captured power in Afghanistan. 

2.  The civil war in 1983 triggered the first wave of Sri Lankan Tamil refugees to India.

3. About 50,000 Chamka refugees fled from Myanmar to Mizoram in 1998.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

  (a) 1 and 2 Only

  (b) 2 and 3 Only

  (c)  1 and 3 Only

  (d) All of the above

Ans: a (1 and 2 Only)

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as in 1992 and afterwards thousands of Afghans took refuge in as Talibans captured power in their country. In 2007, UNHCR estimated that there are 9,200 Afghans in India.

Statement 2 is  Correct as the civil war in 1983 triggered the first wave of Sri Lankan Tamil refugees to India. By 1995, India and UNHCR repatriated 100,000 Tamil Sri Lankans as the war ended.

Statement 3 is not Correct as about 50,000 Chamka refugees fled from Bangladesh to Tripura in 1988.