PIB – 16th Jan 2021

Tamil Nadu becomes the 11th State to complete One Nation One Ration Card system reform

  • One Nation One Ration Card System is an important citizen centric reform. Its implementation ensures availability of ration to beneficiaries under National Food Security Act (NFSA) and other welfare schemes, especially the migrant workers and their families, at any Fair Price Shop (FPS) across the country.
  • The reform especially empowers the migratory population mostly labourers, daily wagers, urban poor like rag pickers, street dwellers, temporary workers in organised and unorganised sectors, domestic workers etc, who frequently change their place of dwelling to be self reliant in food security. 
  • This technology driven reform enables the migrant beneficiaries to get their entitled quota of food grains from any electronic point of sale (e-PoS) enabled fair Price Shops of their choice anywhere in the country.
  • The reform also enables the States in better targeting of beneficiaries, elimination of bogus/ duplicate/ineligible card holders resulting in enhanced welfare and reduced leakage. 
  • Further, to ensure seamless inter-state portability of a ration card, Aadhar seeding of all ration cards as well as biometric authentication of beneficiaries through automation of all Fair Price Shops (FPSs) with installation of electronic point of sale (e-PoS) devices are essential. 
  • Therefore, additional borrowing limit of 0.25 percent of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) is allowed to the States only on completion of both of the following actions: 

(i) Aadhar Seeding of all the ration cards and beneficiaries in the State

(ii)   Automation of all the FPSs in the State.

  • In view of the resource requirement to meet multiple challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Government of India had on 17th May, 2020 enhanced the borrowing limit of the States by 2 percent of their GSDP. Half of this special dispensation i.e. 1 percent of GSDP was linked to undertaking citizen centric reforms by the States. 
  • The four citizen centric areas for reforms identified by the Department of Expenditure were 

(a) Implementation of One Nation One Ration Card System, 

(b) Ease of doing business reform, 

(c) Urban Local body/ utility reforms and 

(d) Power Sector reforms.

Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 3.0

  • Under the Skill India Mission, the Government of lndia is implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) to promote skill development in the country by providing grant based placement linked short duration skill training since 2015-16. 
  • This programme was successfully implemented under two editions: PMKVY (1 .0) (FY2015-16) and PMKVY (2 0) (FY2016-20). With each newer version of the PMKVY scheme, major changes were instituted to meet the aspiration of youth, increase the overall reach and improve the outcomes. 
  • PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) provided a larger role to the State Governments by introducing Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component under the Scheme. Placement linked short term training program was also introduced along with Training of Trainers and Aadhaar based attendance system for Trainees and Trainers. 
  • Based on the learnings of PMKVY 2.0 and to reorient the scheme lo be in sync with the present scenario of policy changes and changing priority in different sectors, demand-driven PMKW 3.0 (2020-21], has been conceptualized with the larger engagement of district authority through District Skill Committees (DSCs).
  • The Scheme would have two components: 

a. Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) known as the Central Component to be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). 

b. Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component to be implemented by the State Skill Development Missions (SSDIMS) /respective Departments of the States/UTs. 

  • The total target of the scheme will be divided approximately in the ratio of 75:25 between Central and State Components. However, for States which have performed well and are willing to take higher targets shall be allocated a higher target under state component accordingly, based on assessment of their performance. 
  • Some of the key features of the scheme are: 

i. Demand driven scheme with bottom up approach for identification and mapping of job roles. District level plan shall be the fundamental level of implementation. 

ii. District Skill Committee (DSC) shall be the focal point of implementation of PMKVY 3.0. DSC shall play a major role in preparation of District level plan, mobilization and counselling of candidates, formation of training batches, monitoring of quality assurance and post training support. 

iii. The scheme will be aligned with Common Cost Norms and National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF).

iv. Payment to Training Providers will be broken into tranches namely 30% on commencement of training batches, 40% on successful certification and 30% on placement verification subject to revisions by Common Cost Norms Committee. 

v. Other incentives like boarding & lodging, post-placement support, conveyance and other support will be as per Common Cost Norms. 

vi. A phase-wise introduction of vocational courses in schools shall be initiated in coordination with the Ministry of Education (MoE). This component shall be implemented for class I to 12 aimed to expose students to skill development avenues. 

vii. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) shall coordinate with Central Ministries and State Governments for recognition of NSQF certification as a pre-requisite for hiring of contractual employees and mandating the vendors/contractors to hire NSQF certified workforce as a part of their contract. 

viii. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) shall provide the lT and technical support for the implementation of both Central and State Components of the Scheme. 

ix. As far as possible, endeavour will be made to establish Common Assessment Centres (CACs) so as to ensure quality and transparency during the assessment process 

x. Focus will be given for on-line/blended mode of training for wider coverage.