National AYUSH Mission (NAM)
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of AYUSH approved and notified on 29.09.2014. National AYUSH Mission (NAM) launched during the 12th Plan for implementing through States/UTs.
- The basic objective of NAM is to promote AYUSH medical systems through cost effective AYUSH services, strengthening of educational systems, facilitate the enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU &H) drugs and sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials. It envisages flexibility of implementation of the programmes which will lead to substantial participation of the State Governments/UT.
- Further, in the recent past, there is a paradigm shift in the approach from disease management towards achieving wellness. The AYUSH systems advocate a holistic wellness approach aiming at prevention of diseases and promotion of health and wellbeing.
- A decision was taken on 30th Jan, 2019 that at least 12,500 Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) under Ayushman Bharat will be upgraded by the Ministry of AYUSH. The Union Cabinet during its meeting on 20th March, 2020 has approved the proposal to operationalise these 12,500 AYUSH HWCs through States/UTs in Centrally Sponsored Scheme mode and under the broad umbrella of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) in a phased manner by 2023-24.
- To provide cost effective and equitable AYUSH health care throughout the country by improving access to the services.
- To revitalize and strengthen the AYUSH systems making them as prominent medical streams in addressing the health care of the society.
- To establish a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices
- To improve educational institutions capable of imparting quality AYUSH education
- To promote the adoption of Quality Control of ASU&H Drugs and making available the sustained supply of AYUSH raw-materials.
- To provide cost effective AYUSH Services, with universal access through upgrading AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries, co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs).
- To establish a holistic wellness model based on AYUSH principles and practices to empower masses for ‘self-care’ to reduce the disease burden, out of pocket expenditure and to provide informed choice to the needy public.
- To strengthen institutional capacity at the state level through upgrading AYUSH educational institutions, State Govt. Pharmacies, Drug Testing Laboratories and enforcement mechanisms.
- Support cultivation of medicinal plants by adopting Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) so as to provide sustained supply of quality raw-materials and support certification mechanism for quality standards, Good Agricultural/Collection/Storage Practices.
- Support setting up of clusters through convergence of cultivation, warehousing, value addition and marketing and development of infrastructure for entrepreneurs.
Harmonising Ayush and Modern Medicine
- There is no status gap between modern medicine and AYUSH as both systems are working in collaboration with integrated approaches to address healthcare in the country. The details of various initiatives undertaken by the Ministry of AYUSH for harmonization of both sectors of modern medicine and AYUSH system of medicine are as under:-
- The Government of India has adopted a strategy of Co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs), thus enabling choice to the patients for different systems of medicines under single window.
- Ministry of AYUSH in collaboration with Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has implemented National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) for health promotion, prevention and management of Non-communicable diseases or Lifestyle related disorders through its three research councils, namely, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) and Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) in various districts across the country .
- CCRAS conducts research utilizing integrated clinical research protocols adopting Ayurveda parameters & parameters of conventional bio-medicines.
- CCRH has conducted studies at setup of Modern Medicine or comparison with modern medicine either standalone or add-on Homoeopathy on different clinical conditions such as Dengue, Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, Diabetic foot ulcer, alcohol dependence, Acute Ottis media, Covid-19.
- To integrate Yoga in mainstream medical care, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga under the Ministry of AYUSH is running 4 Yoga Therapy Centres.
- To establish synergy between Siddha System and modern medicine, National Institute of Siddha, Chennai under the Ministry of AYUSH has entered into MoU with organizations such as National Institute of Epidemiology (ICMR), AIIMS Raipur etc.
Union Budget 2021: Major Highlights for The Aviation Industry
Major highlights of the Union Budget 2021 for the aviation industry include:
1. Tax incentives for aircraft leasing and financing
The Government is committed to make the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in GIFT City a global financial hub. In addition to the tax incentives already provided, the current budget proposed more tax incentives which includes
(i) tax holiday for capital gains incomes of aircraft leasing and financing company,
(ii) tax exemptions for aircraft lease rentals or royalty paid to foreign lessor,
(iii) tax incentive for re-location of foreign funds in IFSC and
(iv) tax exemptions to investment division of the foreign banks located in IFSC.
These tax exemptions are a major boon to lessors operating from IFSC. These would help in establishing a vibrant aircraft leasing and financing environment in India, besides offering better terms to Indian and foreign carriers. These measures come on the back of a series of initiatives undertaken by the Ministry of Civil Aviation since 2019 to create an aircraft leasing and financing ecosystem in GIFT (Gujarat International Financial Tech) city of India.
2. Custom duty benefit
In the budget proposal, Customs duty has been reduced from 2.5% to 0% on aviation sector components or parts, including engines, for manufacturing of aircraft by Public Sector Units of the Ministry of Defence. This measure will help grow the aviation industry in the country by reducing cost of inputs for domestic manufacturing and thus promote aatmanirbharta.
3. Asset Monetisation through PPP model
The budget proposed monetisation of the next lot of airports for operations and management concession. Other core infrastructure assets that will be rolled out under the Asset Monetization Programme are AAI Airports in Tier II and III cities. The Airport Authority of India is working on the next round of privatization in which 06-10 airports will be included. Six airports have already been awarded to the successful bidder and the concession agreements have been signed. Proceeds from this step will help the Ministry of Civil Aviation to complete the goal of building 100 new airport by 2024.
4. Development of health system capacities at airports under the Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana
Under a new centrally sponsored scheme, PM Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana, Union budget 2021-22 proposes development of health systems capacities in the country which also includes the aviation entry points. Under this program Public Health Units will be strengthened at 32 airports. This program will facilitate smooth movement of pharmaceuticals through air across India as well in other parts of the world.
5. Disinvestment and Strategic Sale
Through budget 2021, the government has reiterated its commitment of disinvestment of Air India and PawanHans in 2021-22. The process of strategic sale of Air India is underway. The Ëxpression of Interest” EOI has been received. The Transaction Adviser is scrutinizing the EOIs. The PIM for the sale of Pawan Hans has also been issued. Besides, the PIM for Air India Airports Services (Ground handling) is under preparation.
6. Expansion of scope for Krishi Udaan in convergence with Operation Greens:
To boost value addition in agriculture and allied products and their exports, the scope of ‘Operation Greens Scheme’ that is presently applicable to tomatoes, onions, and potatoes, will be enlarged to include 22 perishable products. Krishi Udaan Scheme stands converged with Operation Greens through air freight subsidy of 50% for the agri-perishables of NER States and 4 Himalayan States/UTs. The expansion of product-coverage will boost the Krishi Udaan Scheme and improve air cargo transportation from these States.
National Monsoon Mission
- Under the Monsoon Mission, the Ministry has developed the state-of-the-art weather and climate prediction models, which are now in operational use. These models include models for short range to medium range (1-10 days), extended range (10days to 30 days) and seasonal (up to one season). The models developed under the National Monsoon Mission (NMM) have shown very high skill in predicting important weather events on different time scales during the last 3years.
- The overall objective of NMM is to improve the monsoon prediction over India on all time scales and hence it is implemented for the whole country which includes all the States and UTs.
Following are the targets of Monsoon Mission:
- Development of a seamless prediction system using monsoon mission model, on different time scales, like Seasonal (for whole Monsoon season), Extended range (up-to 4 weeks), Short range prediction (up-to 5 days).
- Initiate and coordinate working partnership between Indian and foreign institutes to develop a system for prediction of extremes and climate applications
- Develop and implement systems for climate applications having social impacts (such as agriculture, flood forecast, extreme events forecast, wind energy,etc.)
- Advanced data assimilation system for preparing high quality data for model predictions.
Major achievements of NMM during the last three years are:
- Setting up of an advanced prediction system for Seasonal prediction; Extended range prediction and Very high-resolution Short-range prediction.
- A remarkable improvement in the skill of the forecasts especially in the short to medium range has been noticed.
- The Cyclone track and intensity prediction has also shown a steady improvement over the last three years.
- The operationalization of Monsoon Mission dynamical model (MMCFS) to prepare operational seasonal forecast of monsoon rainfall and temperatures during the hot and cold weather seasons over India.
- Use of MMCFS and extended range prediction system for preparing regional seasonal forecast outlook for south Asia under WMO recognised Regional Climate Center and South Asia Seasonal Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) activities.
- Development of an index to predict the genesis and evolution of tropical cyclones and other cyclonic disturbances over the north Indian Ocean.
- GFS/GEFS forecasts have been extensively used to provide guidance to Forest fire possibility and also to Renewable Energy Sectors namely, wind and solar.
- Several scientists have been trained for modelling & forecasts through the Monsoon Mission Program and capacity building activities have been done through targeted training.
The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) has received several project proposals from various International institutes, for funding through Monsoon Mission.
Atmosphere and Climate Research – Modelling, Observing Systems and Services (ACROSS)
- The research & development and operational (services) activities of MoES in respect of weather and climate related phenomena is being addressed by one of the umbrella schemes Atmosphere and Climate Research – Modelling, Observing Systems and Services (ACROSS).
- The entire gamut of weather/climate prediction involves assimilation of meteorological observations, understanding the processes, research and development of dynamical models and providing the forecast services.
- Each of these aspects is incorporated as sub-scheme under the umbrella scheme “ACROSS” and is being implemented through India Meteorological Department (IMD), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune and National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting(NCMRWF).
- The overarching objective of the Scheme is as follows:
- To conduct R & D for improving forecast of weather, climate and other hazardous events in real-time for delivery of a reliable weather and climate service. This requires
- Augmentation of observations and their assimilation into weather and climate models.
- Understanding the physical processes through field campaigns.
- Developing and running of high resolution models for giving forecasts in all scales.
- Translating science to service and its delivery to society.
- Improving and acquiring the required infrastructure.
Sub-schemes: There are nine sub-schemes under ACROSS.
One District One Product Approach for PMFME
- As part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, Ministry of Food Processing Industries has launched the centrally sponsored PM Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises (PMFME) Scheme for providing financial, technical and business support for upgradation of two lakh micro food processing enterprises.
- With an outlay of Rs. 10,000 Crore over a period of five years from 2020-21 to 2024-25, the scheme aims to enhance the competitiveness of existing micro-enterprises in the unorganized segment of the food processing industry and promote formalization of the sector.
- There are about 25 lakh unregistered food processing enterprises in the country. Nearly 66% of these units are located in rural areas.
- The Scheme adopts One District One Product (ODOP) approach to reap benefits of scale in terms of procurement of inputs, availing common services and marketing of products. So far, ODOPs for 135 unique products in 707 districts in 35 States/UTs has been approved by the Ministry.
The unorganized food processing industry in India faces various challenges including:
(a) capital deficiency and low bank credit;
(b) lack of productivity and innovation due to limited skills and access to modern technology and machinery for production and packaging;
(c) lack of branding & marketing skills and inability to integrate with the supply chains;
(d) deficient quality and food safety control systems, including lack of basic awareness on good hygienic and manufacturing practices;
The PMFME scheme envisages to reduce wastage, creation of off-farm job opportunities and aids in achieving the overarching objective of doubling the farmers’ income.
The objectives of the scheme, inter-alia, include
- Building the capability of micro enterprises by enabling the increased access to credit by existing micro food processing entrepreneurs, FPOs, Self Help Groups and Co-operatives;
- Integration with organized supply chain by strengthening branding & marketing;
- Supporting the transition process of the existing two lakh micro food processing enterprises into formal framework; providing access to common services like common processing facility, laboratories, storage, packaging, marketing and incubation services;
- Strengthening of institutions, research and training in the food processing sector, and enhancing the access to professional and technical support.