P.T. Practice Questions 9th Apr 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about Copyright (Amendment) Rules, 2021:

  1. The amendments adopt electronic means as the primary mode of communication and working in the Copyright Office..
  2. It eliminated the requirement of copyrights publication in the Official Gazette.
  3. The Copyright Board has been merged with the Appellate Board.

Choose the correct alternative:

  1. 1 Only
  2. 1 and 2 Only
  3. 2 and 3 Only
  4. All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

In India, the copyright regime is governed by the Copyright Act, 1957 and the Copyright Rules, 2013. The Copyright Rules, 2013 were last amended in the year 2016.

The amendments have been introduced with the objective of bringing the existing rules in parity with other relevant legislations. It aims to ensure smooth and flawless compliance in the light of technological advancement in the digital era by adopting electronic means as the primary mode of communication and working in the Copyright Office. A new provision regarding publication of a copyrights journal has been incorporated, thereby eliminating the requirement of publication in the Official Gazette. The said journal would be available at the website of the Copyright Office.

In order to encourage accountability and transparency, new provisions have been introduced, to deal with the undistributed royalty amounts and use of electronic and traceable payment methods while collection and distribution of royalties. To reinforce transparency in working of copyright societies a new rule has been introduced, whereby the copyright societies will be required to draw up and make public an Annual Transparency Report for each financial year.

The amendments have harmonised the Copyright Rules with the provisions of Finance Act, 2017 whereby the Copyright Board has been merged with Appellate Board.

The compliance requirements for registration of software works have been largely reduced, as now the applicant has the liberty to file the first 10 and last 10 pages of source code, or the entire source code if less than 20 pages, with no blocked out or redacted portions.

The time limit for the Central Government to respond to an application made before it for registration as a copyright society is extended to one hundred and eighty days, so that the application can be more comprehensively examined.

Q. 2 Consider following statements about ‘SARTHAQ’:

  1. This plan is developed to achieve goals in education sectors as envisaged by NEP.
  2. It aims to increase Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratio (NER).

Choose the correct alternative:

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

The major focus of SARTHAQ is to define activities in such a manner which clearly delineate goals, outcomes and timeframe i.e., it links recommendations of NEP with 297 Tasks along with responsible agencies, timelines and 304 outputs of these Tasks. Attempts have also been made to propose activities in a manner, such that it will be built upon the existing structure rather than creating new structures. Thus, SARTHAQ takes care of the spirit and intent of the Policy and is planned to be implemented in a phased manner.

Following outcomes have been envisaged for entire education system after implementation of SARTHAQ:

  • New National and State Curriculum Frameworks for School Education , Early Childhood Care and Education, Teacher Education and Adult Education will be developed encompassing the spirit of NEP and will pave way for curriculum reforms
  • Increase in Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), Net Enrolment Ratio (NER), transition rate and retention rate at all levels and reduction in drop outs and out of school children.
  • Access to quality ECCE and Universal Acquisition of Foundational Literacy and Numeracy by Grade 3.
  • Improvement in Learning Outcomes at all stages with emphasis on teaching and learning through mother tongue/local/regional languages in the early years.
  • Integration of vocational education, sports, arts, knowledge of India, 21st century skills, values of citizenship, awareness of environment conservation, etc. in the curriculum at all stages.
  • Introduction of Experiential learning at all stages and adoption of innovative pedagogies by teachers in classroom transactions.
  • Reforms in Board exams and various entrance tests.
  • Development of high quality and diversified teaching-learning material.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about project RE-HAB:

  1. It is a unique, cost-effective way of preventing elephant – human conflicts.
  2. Under this project, bee boxes are used as a fence to prevent elephants from entering human habitation.
  3. The project is implemented by the ministry of environment forest and climate change (moef&cc).

Choose the correct alternative:

  1. 1 Only
  2. 1 and 2 Only
  3. 1 and 3 Only
  4. 3 Only

Ans: b (1 and 2 Only)

Explanation

Project RE-HAB (Reducing Elephant – Human Attacks using Bees) was launched by KVIC at four locations on the periphery of Nagarhole National Park in Kodagu district of Karnataka. It is a unique, cost-effective way of preventing elephant – human conflicts without causing any harm to both, the animals and the humans. Under this project, bee boxes are used as a fence to prevent elephants from entering human habitation, thus reducing loss of lives and property.Elephants fear that the honey bees might sting them in their eyes and the inner side of the trunk. Also, the buzz of the bees irritates the elephants the most.

Bee fences have reduced the movement of elephants at these points to a great extent. Night vision cameras installed at these locations have captured amazing footage of elephants’ behaviour on seeing bee boxes. A number of elephants are seen returning to the jungles fearing honey bees. Also, no destruction of crops or property by elephants has been reported in these areas since the bee boxes have been placed on the passageways of elephants.

Q. 4 Match the following committees with their respective Chairmen of the constituent assembly of independent India?

  1.  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar                    a. Provincial constitution committee 
  2.  Jawaharlal Nehru                      b. Rules of procedure committee                  
  3.  Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel         c. Drafting committee
  4.  Dr. Rajendra Prasad                 d. Union constitution committee

Code:-

  1. 1c,2d,3a,4b
  2. 1b,2d,3a,4c
  3. 1d,2c,3a,4b
  4. 1a,2c,3d,4b

Ans. – I (1c,2d,3a,4b)

Explanation:

The constitutional assembly had appointed different committees to deal with different matters of constitution making.

  1.  Dr. B.R. Ambedkar                   c. Drafting committee       
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru                                   d. Union constitution committee 
  3. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel                     a. Provincial constitution committee
  4. Dr. Rajendra Prasad                              b. Rules of procedure committee