P.T. Practice Questions 27th Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements and choose correct alternative:

  1. Based on a study by CWC, water availability has improved in India since 2011.
  2. The per capita water availability is estimated by dividing the annual average water availability by the population.
  3. Water being a subject in concurrent list, steps for augmentation, conservation and efficient management of water resources are taken by both Central and State governments.

Alternatives:

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. 3 Only
  4. None of the above

Ans: b (2 Only)

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect as based on a study by CWC, the average annual per capita water availability in the year 2011 has been assessed as 1545 cubic meters. Further, based on the above study, the average annual per capita water availability may further reduce to 1486 cubic meters by 2021.

Statement 2 is correct.

Statement 3 is incorrect as water being a State subject, steps for augmentation, conservation and efficient management of water resources are primarily undertaken by the respective State Governments. In order to supplement the efforts of the State Governments, Central Government provides technical and financial assistance to them through various schemes and programmes.

Q. 2 Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) focuses on which of the following irrigation techniques among others:

  1. Promoting efficient water conveyance and field application devices within the farm viz, underground piping system, Drip & Sprinklers etc.
  2. Promotion of scientific moisture conservation and runoff control measures to improve ground water recharge.
  3. Creation of new water sources; repair, restoration and renovation of defunct water sources.

Choose the correct options:

  1. 1 and 2 Only
  2. 2 and 3 Only
  3. None of the Above
  4. All of the Above

Ans: d (All of the Above)

Explanation

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched during 2015-16 by the Central Government with the following components, Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP), Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP), Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) and Watershed Development (WD).

PMKSY is strategized by focusing on end-to-end solutions in the irrigation supply chain, viz. water sources, distribution network, efficient farm level applications, extension services on new technologies & information etc. PMKSY focuses on irrigation techniques by, among others,

  1. Promoting efficient water conveyance and field application devices within the farm viz, underground piping system, Drip & Sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns and other application devices etc.;
  2. Promotion of scientific moisture conservation and runoff control measures to improve ground water recharge so as to create opportunities for farmer to access recharged water through shallow tube/dug wells,
  3. Creation of new water sources; repair, restoration and renovation of defunct water sources; construction of water harvesting structures, secondary & micro storage, groundwater development, enhancing potentials of traditional water bodies at village level.
  4. Use of Underground Pipelines (UGPL) in the Distribution Network of the projects has been actively promoted for increasing the water conveyance efficiency and overcoming the issues related to Land Acquisition, evaporative/ percolation losses etc.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about Dadabhai Naoroji:

  1. He became the first Asian to get elected to the House of Commons of the British Parliament.
  2. He founded East India Association and Bombay Presidency Association.
  3. He was referred to as ‘Father of the nation’ by Gandhiji.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 Only
  3. 2 and 3 Only
  4. All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as in 1892, Dadabhai became the first Asian to get elected to the House of Commons of the British Parliament. He was thrice President of INC.

Statement 2 is correct as In 1866, Dadabhai Naoroji founded in London the East Indian Association for propagating the cause of India. Amongst the British and Indian nationals who joined the association was Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee who later became the first President of the INC. On his return to India Dadabhai Naoroji formed another association, the Bombay Presidency Association which with the Indian National Conference started by Surendranath Banerjee in Calcutta in 1883 became the precursor of the Indian National Congress.

Statement 3 is correct as after his death, Dadabhai Naoroji was referred to as the “Father of the Nation” by Gandhiji and as “Father of the Indian National Congress” by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.

Q. 4  Consider the following statements about Tropical evergreen forest in India:

  1. They have canopy cover.
  2. Trees found are ebony, rosewood, mahogany and shisham.
  3. They cover Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-Eastern states and a narrow strip of Eastern and Western ghats.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Ans: a (1 Only)

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct as Tropical Rain Forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. They are so dense that sunlight doesn’t reach the ground, hence canopy cover.

Statement 2 is incorrect as trees found are mahogany, ebony and rosewood. Shisham is found in tropical deciduous forests.

Statement 3 is incorrect as they cover Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-Eastern states and a narrow strip of the Western slope of the Western Ghats and not Eastern Ghats.