P.T. Practice Questions 25th Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about UNITAR:

  1. UNITAR was created in 1963 to train and equip young diplomats from newly-independent UN Member States.
  2. UNITAR recently joined the UN family as its 24th member.
  3. UNITAR’s headquarters are located in Geneva (Switzerland). 

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

The idea of a UN training and research institute was mentioned for the first time in a 1962 resolution of the UN General Assembly. The founding of UNITAR in 1963 followed the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council to the General Assembly, which commissioned the Secretary-General with the establishment of a United Nations Institute for Training and Research as an autonomous body within the UN system.

The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) provides innovative learning solutions to individuals, organizations and institutions to enhance global decision-making and support country-level action for shaping a better future.

UNITAR was created to train and equip young diplomats from newly-independent UN Member States with the knowledge and skills needed to navigate through the diplomatic environment.

Q. 2 COnsider the following statements about the Champion Services Sectors scheme:

  1. The scheme is to give focused attention to 12 identified Champion Services Sectors for promoting their development, and realizing their potential.
  2. Committee of secretaries under the Cabinet secretary will finalize an action plan under the scheme.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: a ( Only 1 )

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as the scheme is to give focused attention to 12 identified Champion Services Sectors for promoting their development, and realizing their potential. These include Information Technology & Information Technology enabled Services (IT & ITeS), Tourism and Hospitality Services, Medical Value Travel, Transport and Logistics Services, Accounting and Finance Services, Audio Visual Services, Legal Services, Communication Services, Construction and Related Engineering Services, Environmental Services, Financial Services and Education Services.

Statement 2 is incorrect as the Ministries/Departments concerned with these sectors utilize the available draft sectoral plans to finalize and implement the Action Plans for the identified Champion Services Sectors. The respective line Ministries/Departments shall finalize the Action Plans and the implementation timelines along with a monitoring mechanism to monitor implementation under the overall guidance of the Committee of Secretaries (CoS) under Cabinet Secretary.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements on National policy on Biofuels:

  1. It allows the use of surplus food grains for production of ethanol for blending with petrol.
  2. It aims for the development of new feedstock for Biofuels from cellulosic and lignocellulosic routes including petrochemical routes.
  3. It aims for setting up Second Generation (2G) bio-refineries.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

The National Policy on Biofuels – 2018 inter-alia allows the use of surplus food grains for production of ethanol for blending with petrol with the approval of National Biofuel Coordination Committee (NBCC). It has allowed the production of ethanol from surplus rice available with the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and maize respectively for blending with petrol under Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme.

The cost of production of ethanol from any feedstock including rice or maize depends upon a number of factors viz. quality of feedstock, efficiency of plant, cost of other inputs etc.. This bio-ethanol produced from these feedstock is being used by OMCs for blending in petrol under the EBP Programme.   

The notified National Policy on Biofuels-2018 aims to achieve the goals by (a) reinforcing ongoing ethanol/bio-diesel supplies through increasing domestic production, (b) setting up Second Generation (2G) bio-refineries, (c) development of new feedstock for Biofuels from cellulosic and lignocellulosic route including petrochemical route, (d) development of new technologies for conversion to biofuels (e) creating suitable environment for biofuels and its integration with the main fuels.

Q. 4 Consider the following statements about Pottery features in Indus Valley:

  1. Hand-made pottery was very common.
  2. Painted pottery was commonly found.

Choose the correct statement:

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: d (Neither 1 nor 2)

Explanation

The Indus Valley pottery consists chiefly of very fine wheelmade wares, very few being hand-made. Plain pottery is more common than painted ware. Plain pottery is generally of red clay, with or without a fine red or grey slip. It includes knobbed ware, ornamented with rows of knobs. The black painted ware has a fine coating of red slip on which geometric and animal designs are executed in glossy black paint. Polychrome pottery is rare and mainly comprises small vases decorated with geometric patterns in red, black, and green, rarely white and yellow. Incised ware is also rare and the incised decoration was confined to the bases of the pans, always inside and to the dishes of offering stands. Perforated pottery includes a large hole at the bottom and small holes all over the wall, and was probably used for straining beverages. Pottery for household purposes is found in as many shapes and sizes as could be conceived of for daily practical use. Straight and angular shapes are an exception, while graceful curves are the rule. Miniature vessels, mostly less than half an inch in height are, particularly, so marvellously crafted as to evoke admiration.