P.T. Practice Questions 22nd Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about the Jal Shakti Abhiyan:Catch the Rain’ campaign:

  1. The Campaign will be undertaken across the country, in both rural and urban areas.
  2. Theme of the campaign is “catch the rain, where it falls, when it falls”.
  3. It will be launched as a Jan Andolan to take water conservation at grass-root level through people’s participation.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans. d (All of the above)

Explanation

The Prime Minister will launch the ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan:Catch the Rain’ campaign on World Water Day i.e. on 22nd March 2021. In the presence of the Prime Minister, the signing of historic Memorandum of Agreement between the Union Minister of Jal Shakti and the Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh to implement the Ken Betwa Link Project, the first project of the National Perspective Plan for interlinking of rivers, will also take place.

About ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan:Catch the Rain’

The Campaign will be undertaken across the country, in both rural and urban areas, with the theme “catch the rain, where it falls, when it falls”. It will be implemented from 22nd March 2021 to 30th November, 2021 – the pre-monsoon and monsoon period in the country. It will be launched as a Jan Andolan to take water conservation at grass-root level through people’s participation. It is intended to nudge all stakeholders to create rainwater harvesting structures suitable to the climatic conditions and subsoil strata, to ensure proper storage of rainwater.

After the event, Gram Sabhas will be held in all Gram Panchayats of each district (except in the poll bound states) to discuss issues related to water and water conservation. Gram Sabhas will also take ‘Jal Shapath’ for water conservation.

Q. 2 Consider the following statements about the ARGOS satellite system:

  1. The Argos system was created in 1978 by the French Space Agency (CNES) only.
  2. It was originally created as a scientific tool for collecting and relaying meteorological and oceanographic data around the world.
  3. Argos is a unique worldwide location and data collection system dedicated to studying and protecting the environment.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans. b (2 and 3 Only)

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect as the Argos system was created in 1978 by the French Space Agency (CNES), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Statement 2 and 3 are correct as it was originally created as a scientific tool for collecting and relaying meteorological and oceanographic data around the world. In 1986, CNES created a subsidiary, CLS, to operate, maintain and commercialize the system. Today, CLS is the exclusive provider of Argos satellite telemetry services for scientific and environmental applications.

Currently, several other international space agencies also actively participate in the Argos system including European Organization of the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites (EUMETSAT), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and others.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about the SAAMAR campaign to fight malnutrition:

  1. The campaign aims to identify anemic women and malnourished children and converge various departments to effectively deal with the problem.
  2. SAAMAR has been launched with a 1000 days target, under which annual surveys will be conducted to track the progress.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

The Jharkhand government announced the launch of SAAMAR (Strategic Action for Alleviation of Malnutrition and Anemia Reduction) campaign to tackle malnutrition in the state. The campaign aims to identify anemic women and malnourished children and converge various departments to effectively deal with the problem in a state where malnutrition has been a major problem.

SAAMAR has been launched with a 1000 days target, under which annual surveys will be conducted to track the progress. It talks of convergence of various departments such as Rural Development Department and Food and Civil Supplies and engagement with school management committees, gram sabhas among others and making them aware of nutritional behaviour. Most importantly, the campaign, as per the note, also tries to target Primarily Vulnerable Tribal Groups.

Q. 4     Which of the following is/are among the Fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution? 

1.      To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

2.      To protect the weaker sections from social injustice.

3.      To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry.

4.      To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity. 

Select the correct answer using the codes given below : 

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 only

(c)  1, 3 and 4 only

(d)  1, 2, 3 and 4

Ans. c (1,3 and 4 Only)

Explanation

51A. Fundamental duties.—It shall be the duty of every citizen of India—

  1. to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
  2. to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
  3. to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
  4. to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
  5. to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
  6. to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  7. to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures;
  8. to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
  9. to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
  10. to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;
  11. who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.