P.T. Practice Questions 1st April

Q. 1 ) Consider the statement about infant mortality rate.

1. Infant mortality rate is the death of a child below one year of age.

2. Currently India’s infant mortality rate has fallen to 30 infants per 1000 live births in the year 2020.

Choose the correct option-

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct- Infant mortality rate is the death of a child below one year of age.

 Birth rate is the number of babies born for every 1,000 people during a particular period of time.

Death rate is the number of people per 1,000 who die during a particular period of time.

Statement 2 is correct- The infant mortality rate was 42 in 2012 but it has fallen to 33 in 2017.

The global average infant mortality is 29 but for low and middle income countries it is 34. India also falls in this category.

Q. 2  Consider the following statements in reference to classification of plants and their growth.

1. Parasite is an organism that draws a part or whole of its nourishment from another living organism.

2. Extremely high intensity favours root growth than shoot growth which results in increased transpiration, short stem, smaller thicker leaves.

3. When the intensity of light is less than the minimum, the plants grow rapidly.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

  (a) 1 and 2

  (b) 2 and 3

  (c) 1 and 3

  (d) 1, 2 and 3

ANS: a (1 and 2)

EXPLANATION:

Statement 1 is Correct: Parasite is an organism that draws a part or whole of its nourishment from another living organism. These plants grow on the living plants and do not draw moisture and mineral nutrients from the soil.

Statement 2 is Correct: Extremely high intensity favours root growth than shoot growth which results in increased transpiration, short stem, smaller thicker leaves. Whereas low intensity of light retards growth, flowering, and fruiting.

Statement 3 is not Correct: When the Intensity of light is less than the minimum, the plants ceases to grow due to accumulation of CO2 and finally dies.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about “Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Food Processing Industry:

  1. The scheme is to support food manufacturing entities with stipulated minimum Sales and willing to make minimum stipulated investment.
  2. The scheme aims to strengthen select Indian brands of food products for global visibility and wider acceptance in the international markets.

Choose the correct option

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans; c (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

The objectives of the Scheme are to support food manufacturing entities with stipulated minimum Sales and willing to make minimum stipulated investment for expansion of processing capacity and Branding abroad to incentivise emergence of strong Indian brands.:

  • Support creation of global food manufacturing champions;
  • Strengthen select Indian brand of food products for global visibility and wider acceptance in the international markets;
  • Increase employment opportunities of off-farm jobs,
  • Ensuring remunerative prices of farm produce and higher income to farmers.

Q. 4 AIM-PRIME which was recently in news, it is:

  1. An initiative to promote and support science-based deep-tech startups & ventures across India.
  2. An initiative to promote and support start-ups in the field of agriculture.
  3. An initiative to bring more transparency in governance.
  4. None of the above.

Ans: a (An initiative to promote and support science-based deep-tech startups & ventures across India)

Explanation

In a major push towards deep technology and driving the country to become a digitally transformed nation, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog today launched AIM-PRIME (Program for Researchers on Innovations, Market-Readiness & Entrepreneurship), an initiative to promote and support science-based deep-tech startups & ventures across India.

In this regard, AIM has joined hands with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to launch this nationwide program which will be implemented by Venture Center – a non-profit technology business incubator.