P.T. Practice Questions 18th Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements on Sub-mission on Agroforestry:

  1. It was launched in 2016-17 to encourage tree plantation on farm land along with crops/ cropping systems to help the farmers get additional income.
  2. Scheme is being implemented with a funding pattern of 60:40 between Centre and State Govt. for all States except NE & Hilly states, where it is 100%.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: a (only 1)

Explanation

Statement 1 is correct as the scheme was launched in 2016-17 to encourage tree plantation on farm land along with crops/ cropping systems to help the farmers get additional income and make their farming systems more climate resilient and adaptive.

Statement 2 is incorrect as the scheme is being implemented with a funding pattern of 60:40 between Centre and State Govt. for all States except NE & Hilly states, where it is 90:10 and 100% in case of UTs & National Level Agencies.

Under the scheme, assistance to farmers is given through the State Govt. for nursery development, boundary plantation and block plantation of prominent tree species to promote, inter-alia, fruits bearing tree borne oilseeds, medicinal & aromatic plants, silk & lac rearing host plants, in addition to timber species, so that farmers get early returns.

Q. 2  Consider the following statements about the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme:

  1. The PLI scheme will be implemented by the concerned ministries/departments and will be within the overall financial limits prescribed.
  2. It envisages promotion of an efficient, equitable and resilient manufacturing sector in the country.
  3. Growth in production and exports of industrial goods will greatly expose the Indian industry to foreign competition and ideas, which will help in improving its capabilities to innovate further.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

All statements are correct and self explanatory.

Q. 3 Development and Welfare Board for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DWBDNCs) was created to:

  1. To formulate and Implement a Welfare and Development programme as required, for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.
  2. To identify the locations/areas where these communities are densely populated.
  3. To monitor and evaluate the progress of the schemes of the Government of India and the States/UTs with reference to De-notified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

To promote the socio-economic development of De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities, the Development and Welfare Board for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DWBDNCs) has been constituted on 21.02.2019 for a period of three years extendable up to 5 years with following terms of reference:-

  • To formulate and Implement a Welfare and Development programme as required, for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.
  • To identify the locations/areas where these communities are densely populated.
  • To assess and identify gaps in accessing existing programmes and entitlements and to collaborate with Ministries/Implementing agencies to ensure that ongoing programmes meet the special requirements of De-notified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.
  • To monitor and evaluate the progress of the schemes of the Government of India and the States/UTs with reference to De-notified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities.
  • Any other related work as may be assigned by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Q. 4 Consider the following statements about 10th Schedule (Anti-defection law) of the Constitution:

  1. It lays down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection by the Presiding Officer of a legislature based on a petition by any other member of the House.
  2. A legislator is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or disobeys the directives of the party leadership on a vote.
  3. The law applies to Parliament Only.

Choose the correct alternative:

a.   1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: a (1 and 2 Only)

Explanation

Statements 1 and 2 are correct as Aaya Ram Gaya Ram was a phrase that became popular in Indian politics after a Haryana MLA Gaya Lal changed his party thrice within the same day in 1967.  The anti-defection law sought to prevent such political defections which may be due to reward of office or other similar considerations.

The Tenth Schedule was inserted in the Constitution in 1985. It lays down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection by the Presiding Officer of a legislature based on a petition by any other member of the House. A legislator is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or disobeys the directives of the party leadership on a vote. This implies that a legislator defying (abstaining or voting against) the party whip on any issue can lose his membership of the House. 

Statement 3 is incorrect as this law applies to both Parliament and State assemblies.