P.T. Practice questions 16th Mar 2021

Q. 1 Consider the following statements about ‘Zo’ people:

  1. The Zo people are indigenous tribes of Manipur and Mizoram in Northeast India, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
  2. Their traditional religious practice was animism but they were converted into Christianity during the past hundred years.
  3. Their dispersal across international borders resulted from a British colonial policy that drew borders on political grounds rather than ethnic ones.

Choose the correct alternative:

a. 1 and 2 Only

b.   2 and 3 Only

c.   1 and 3 Only

d.   All of the above

Ans: d (All of the above)

Explanation

The Zo people are indigenous tribes of Manipur and Mizoram in Northeast India, Bangladesh and Chin State of Myanmar. They are believed to be the descendents of a common ancestor known as Zo though they are widely known today as Chin, Kuki, Mizo or Zomi. They resemble in physical appearance and also have close cultural affinity and are mutually intelligible. Their traditional religious practice was animism but they were converted into Christianity during the past hundred years.

Recently they have petitioned President Ram Nath Kovind and Prime Minister Narendra Modi to impose sanctions on military-ruled Myanmar.

The Zo Reunification Organisation (ZORO) comprising the Chin-Kuki-Mizo-Zomi group of people has also asked the Centre not to turn away the Myanmar nationals who crossed over to escape the military regime and provide them shelter on humanitarian grounds.

Q. 2 Consider the following statements about ‘Green Great Wall’ initiatives:

  1. It is an initiative to restore the world’s degraded landscapes.
  2. The initiative is launched by the United Nations under the United Nations convention to combat desertification (UNCCD).

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: D (Neither 1 nor 2)

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect as it is an initiative which aims to restore Africa’s degraded landscapes and transform millions of lives in one of the world’s poorest regions, the Sahel. Once complete, the Wall will be the largest living structure on the planet – an 8,000 km natural wonder of the world stretching across the entire width of the continent.

Statement 2 is incorrect as it was launched in 2007 by African Union. The Global Mechanism (GM) of the UNCCD implemented a flagship initiative under the Great Green Wall called FLEUVE. The project was financed by the European Commission in the amount of about seven million Euro and was implemented from 2014-19.

Q. 3 Consider the following statements about first genome mapping project in Indian Ocean by India:

  1. It is aimed at understanding the biochemistry and the response of the ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution.
  2. The research will enable scientists to identify the factors controlling the changes in RNA, DNA in the oceans.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: C (Both 1 and 2)

Explanation

The first-of-its-kind research project in the country is aimed at understanding the biochemistry and the response of the ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution.

Just like gene mapping is carried out on blood samples collected from humans, the scientists will map these in the bacteria, microbes found in the ocean. The mapping of the Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic acid (RNA) will show the nutrients present in them, and also those lacking in different parts of the ocean.

This will help scientists understand the internal working of the ecosystem of the Indian Ocean. The research will enable scientists to identify the factors controlling the changes in RNA, DNA in the oceans, and various stressors impacting them. The ocean has several micronutrients like nitrates, sulphates and silicates, minerals like iron ore and zinc, and trace metals like cadmium or copper. The genome mapping will show the presence of which these microbes have adapted to, in addition to their reaction to atmospheric carbon dioxide. This will help in identifying which part of the ocean has a greater concentration of which mineral or element.

Q. 4 Consider the following statement about Monetary policy in India:

1.      Primary objective of monetary policy is to maintain price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth.

2.      Failure to meet the inflation target will require RBI to send a report to the President stating reasons for failure and proposed remedial actions.

Which of the statement is/are correct:

a.      Only 1

b.      Only 2

c.      Both 1 and 2

d.      Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: a (only 1)

Explanation:

Only statement 1 is true

The Preamble in the RBI Act, as amended by the Finance Act, 2016, now provides that the primary objective of the monetary policy is to maintain price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth, and to meet the challenge of an increasingly complex economy.

If the average inflation is more than the upper tolerance level of 4% + 2%, that is, 6%, or less than the lower tolerance level of 4% – 2%, that is 2%, for any three consecutive quarters, it would mean a failure to achieve the inflation target.

Statement 2 is wrong because

Where RBI fails to meet the inflation target, in terms of the provisions of RBI Act, it shall set out a report to the Central Government stating the reasons for failure to achieve the inflation target; remedial actions proposed to be taken by RBI; and an estimate of the time-period within which the inflation target shall be achieved pursuant to timely implementation of proposed remedial actions.